Pay A Visit to Meghalaya
Famous as the abode of clouds, Meghalaya is one of the most beautiful and possibly the most accessible north eastern states of India. Regarded as one of the drenched regions in India, with its capital at Shillong, Meghalaya owns one of the most beautiful landscapes in India with smoky hills and clouds and vast stretches of lush green forest. It has nearly one-third of the state is forested. The wildlife of the state is notable for their biodiversity of mammals, birds, and plants. Nokrek biosphere reserve and the Balaphakram National Park in the West Garo Hills are considered to be the most biodiversity rich sites. There are three Wildlife Sanctuaries namely the Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary, the Siju Sanctuary and the Bhagmara Sanctuary. It is home to the insect eating pitcher plant.
There are sacred groves which are an ancient forest that has been preserved by the communities for hundreds of years due to religious and cultural beliefs. The state also has a large variety of bats. The limestone caves in Meghalaya, like the Siju cave, are home to, some of the rarest bat species. One interesting fact is that the tribal people of Meghalaya are the world's largest surviving matrilineal culture i.e. the youngest daughter inherits all the property and acts as the caretaker of aged parents and any unmarried siblings. The town of Cherrapunji in the Khasi Hills south of Shillong holds the world record for the highest downpour in a calendar month. The village of Mawsynram, near Cherrapunji, holds the distinction of seeing the heaviest yearly rains. Another interesting fact is that there are 500 natural limestone and sandstone caves spread over the entire state including most of the longest and deepest caves in the sub-continent. Krem Liat Prah is the longest cave and Synrang Pamiang is the deepest cave in the Jaintia hills.
Places of Interest
- Living Root Bridges
- Don Bosco Museum of Indigenous Cultures
- Laitlum Canyon
- Mawsmai Cave
- Nohkalikai Falls
Known as Scotland of the East the hill station has rolling hills and narrow lanes that remind you of Scotland. Ward's lake is one of the most preferred tourist destinations in Shillong for many. Adorned with a bridge and flower bed, the lake also has boating facilities for tourists.
Living Root Bridges
Testify one of the wonders of northeast India, which are situated in the dense forests of Meghalaya. They are also known as living root bridges, an alternative to any wooden bridge, since the residents — Khasi Tribes — have literally trained the growth of these roots from under ancient rubber trees.
Don Bosco Museum of Indigenous Cultures
A visit to this place will make you privy to the rich, multi-cultural lifestyle of the indigenous people of the entire north-eastern states of India. 7 floor with 2 rooms on each floor, the building displays North- eastern culture and tribal lifestyle cleverly.
Laitlum Canyon is the perfect place to be at if you love adventure. The panoramic view of the pristine state of Meghalaya will make your effort of four hours trek worthwhile. while descending, head to the Lwai Falls situated in the East Khasi Hills to cool off your tiredness.
Carry an extra pair of footwear and change of clothes. Exploring Mawsani cave in Meghalaya is 'weird'. The best part about Mawsmai Cave is the stalagmite formations. They are the only caves in Meghalaya that are lit enough for tourists to take a walk and enjoy certain formations.
Nohkalikai Falls are the tallest falls in India cascading from a height of 1,115 feet. The force of the water is so strong that there is a waterhole that has been carved. It turns blue in winter and green in summer. The spectacular view of the falls is a treat to the eyes.
How to reach
AirwaysNearest Airport Guwahati (128 km)
A helicopter service operates between Guwahati, Shillong (30 min) and Tura (60 min). While some services to Shillong land at the ALG in Upper Shillong, others land at Umroi Airport, 35 km from downtown. The permitted baggage is 10 kg. The helicopter service is convenient and economical.
RailwaysNearest Railhead is Guwahati (103 km).
RoadwaysNational Highway 40, an all- weather road, connects Shillong with Guwahati.
Best Time to Visit
From September to April; avoid the monsoons that drench the state from June to September.